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General Chemistry
普通化学
Juan Yang/Associate Professor ;     
杨娟 /副教授 ;     
College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering
化学与分子工程学院
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Course Description

General Chemistry is the first introductory basic course for chemistrymajored undergraduate students, opened in the Fall semester for freshman. In general chemistry, basic chemical concepts, principles, methods as well as their development processes are introduced in English, including gases, thermochemistry and chemical equilibrium, chemical kinetics, atomic structures, molecular structures and chemical bonding, crystal structures and coordination compounds, etc. By learning this course, students are expected to build up basic chemistry background in English for further professional studies in chemistry. It is also required for students to understand basic chemical methods and principles, and more importantly, to analyze and solve problems in chemistry studies step by step.

Syllabus

Chapter 1 Introductory

Chapter 2 Gases, Liquids, Solids, and Solutions
2.1 Gases (BCh 6)
2.1.1 Simple Gas Laws and Ideal Gas Equation
2.1.2 Mixtures of Gases
2.1.3 Kinetic-Molecular Theory of Gases
2.1.4 Distribution of Molecular Speeds
2.1.5 Nonideal Gases and van der Waals Equation
2.2 Liquids and Solids (BCh 12)
2.2.1 Intermolecular Forces
2.2.2 Some Properties of Liquids
2.2.3 Some Properties of Solids
2.2.4 Phase Diagram
2.3 Solutions (BCh 13)
2.3.1 Some Terminology
2.3.2 Solution Concentration
2.3.3 Solubility

Chapter 3 Thermochemistry and Chemical Equilibria
3.1 Thermochemistry (BCh 7)
3.1.1 Some Terminology
3.1.2 The First Law of Thermodynamics
3.1.3 Heats of Reaction and the Enthalpy Change
3.1.4 Hess’s Law and Standard Enthalpies of Formation
3.2 Spontaneous Change (BCh 19)
3.2.1 Spontaneity and the Concept of Entropy
3.2.2 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
3.2.3 Standard Gibbs Energy Change
3.3 Principles of Chemical Equilibrium (BCh 15)
3.3.1 Dynamic Equilibrium and the
Equilibrium Constant Expression
3.3.2 Gibbs Energy Change and Equilibrium
3.3.3 The Reaction Quotient and Le Chatelier’s Principle

Chapter 4 Chemical Kinetics (BCh 14)
4.1 The Rate of a Chemical Reaction
4.2 Effect of Concentration on Reaction Rates: The Rate Law
4.3 Orders of Reaction
4.4 The Effect of Temperature on Reaction Rates
4.5 Theoretical Models and Reaction Mechanisms
4.6 Catalysis and Catalytic Chemistry

Chapter 5 Acid-Base Equilibria and Precipitation-Dissolution Equilibria
5.1 Acid-Base Equilibria (BCh 16, 17)
5.1.1 Theory of Acids and Bases
5.1.2 Self-Ionization of Water and the pH Scale
5.1.3 Ionization Equilibrium of Acids and Bases
5.1.4 Common-Ion Effect and Buffer Solutions
5.1.5 Neutralization Reactions and Titration Curves
5.2 Precipitation-Dissolution Equilibria (BCh 18)
5.2.1 Solubility Product Constant and Its Relationship with Solubility
5.2.2 Criteria for Precipitation and Its Completeness
5.2.3 Dissolution and Transformation of Precipitation
5.2.4 Fractional Precipitation

Chapter 6 Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry (BCh 5, 20)
6.1 Some Terminology in Redox Ructions
6.2 Electrode Potentials and Cell Potential
6.3 Standard Electrode Potentials and Redox Equilibrium
6.4 Nernst Equation
6.5 Overpotential
6.6 Battery and Its Applications

Chapter 7 Atomic Structures
7.1 The Atomic Theory and Electrons in Atoms (BCh 2, 8)
7.1.1 The Nuclear Atom
7.1.2 Quantum Theory
7.1.3 Atomic Spectra and the Bohr Atom
7.1.4 Quantum Mechanical Model of Hydrogen Atom
7.1.5 Multielectron Atoms and Electron Configurations
7.2 The Periodic Table and Some Atomic Properties (BCh 9)
7.2.1 The Periodic Law and the Periodic Table
7.2.2 Sizes of Atoms and Ions
7.2.3 Ionization Energy, Electron Affinity, and Magnetic Properties
7.2.4 Periodic Properties of the Elements

Chapter 8 Molecular Structures and Crystal Structures
8.1 Chemical Bonding Theory (BCh 10, 11)
8.1.1 Lewis Theory
8.1.2 Ionic Bonding Theory
8.1.3 Valence-Bond Method
8.1.4 Molecular Orbital Theory
8.1.5 VSERP Theory
8.1.6 Bonding in Metals
8.2 Intermolecular Forces and Crystal Structures (BCh 12)
8.2.1 Intermolecular Forces
8.2.2 Network Covalent Solids and Ionic Solids
8.2.3 Crystal Structures

Chapter 9 Coordination Compounds (BCh 24)
9.1 Werner’s Theory of Coordination Compounds
9.2 Some Terminology
9.3 Bonding in Complex Ions: Crystal Field Theory
9.4 Aspects of Complex-Ion Equilibria

Chapter 10 Element Chemistry (BCh 21, 22, 23)
10.1 Abundance of Elements in Nature
10.2 Chemistry of the Main-Group Elements
10.3 The Transition Elements